1. One August morning…

August 13th 1961 should have been just another day for the people of Berlin. But shortly after midnight on August 12th, teams of soldiers...

2. Germany becomes a nation divided

At the end of the Second World War in 1945, two post-war conferences at Yalta and Potsdam defined the future map of Europe. Attended...

3. Life in the GDR

The combination of a centrally planned socialist economy and huge war reparations to the Soviet Union after World War Two led to an enormous...

4. The greatest escapes…

Those who sought to escape into West Berlin without the proper authorisation knew that they were risking their lives. Many tried to escape to...

5. The ‘Sinatra Doctrine’ marks the end of an era

The fall of the Berlin Wall came as suddenly and unexpectedly as its construction. At the end of October 1989, the Soviet Foreign Ministry...

6. Legacy of the Berlin Wall

Because of his premature announcement that the Berlin Wall border crossings would be open to all East Berliners, Günter Schabowski’s colleagues in the Party...

The Berlin Wall was a barrier built in August 1961 which completely surrounded West Berlin. The aim was to prevent East Germans from defecting to the West. For 28 years it stood as a powerful reminder of the Cold War.